Penguin Awareness Day Celebrations
Spheniscus Humboldti (Humboldt Penguin)
Don't Miss - Penguin Awareness Events Begin In
Penguin Awareness Day takes place every year on the 20th of January, So in honor of the event we are holding a weekend of special Penguin Keeper For The Morning Experiences running on both Saturday 28th January or Sunday 29th January 2017, From 8:30AM. Please Note: This experience is only available to book over the phone.
Source Photo Copyright – Paul Thompson (bambooZOO)
Penguin Keeper For The Morning Details
Receive a Penguin Keeper Certificate.
Study our interactive fact-sheets below.
In the meantime, why not print or digitally paint our Safari Zoo Humboldt children’s colouring book, Play Penguin games and check out our animal galleries.
Penguin Pairs Game - Humboldt Gallery
Penguins Natural Neighbours
South American Sea Lion
Due to the areas isolated location, it is an ideal re-release project that aims to give the penguins the best chance at life once they have been released.
We also support scientific research projects in Puerto Eten, and raise awareness of the issues local animals face in an interpretation centre. We present educational talks, workshops and activities. The local football stadium also hosts an annual festival to promote the project, which includes arts and crafts, music, competitions and various other activities and exhibitions.
One of the main issues here is overfishing. Losing this important source of food, not only do penguins struggle to survive, but other marine mammals such as dolphins and sea lions. Without these populations, there are fewer carcasses washing up on the shore to provide food for nearby vultures and condors. Our project works with fishing communities to ensure they rotate their fishing areas, meaning they are not always targeting these important sits. We provided our rangers with a boat to patrol the coast to ensure there is no illegal fishing or poaching taking place, in co-operation with the Peruvian Navy Coastguard. These rangers also patrol the beaches to reduce poaching and pollution in the area.
We also man guard posts to prevent illegal entry for fishing or hunting, and support researchers to scientifically log and learn about the reserve.
Finally, an important support to the project itself is our ecolodge, the “Punta Luna Ecolodge”, ideal for wildlife lovers and scientists to visit and observe the area and protected animals. Illescas is the only place on earth where the wild Andean condor has the tranquillity and sufficient carrion to make the population viable. In recent months, our teams have seen a high boost in condor sightings, with over 30 birds spotted in one area, a new record in condor surveillance at the reserve!
IUCN Study Reportings
Humboldt penguins are medium sized penguins named after the current they swim in. The current is cold water and can support many fish.
They live in burrows in soil or rock or crevices in rocks, but spend most of their time at sea
Conservation: Our related conservation charity is the APCPP- Association for Protection of Condors and Penguins of Peru. This project is based in north west Peru, where our rangers patrol the beaches to reduce pollution and poaching. We also work on reforesting the landscape, and work in collaboration with scientific research projects in the area. This project also works with fishing companies to ensure they rotate their fishing areas, preventing over-fishing and increasing food sources.
Elements Of Diet In The Wild
- Adult Humboldt (Avg cm)
- Adult UK Male Human (Avg cm)
- Adult Humboldt (Avg kg)
- Adult UK Male Human (Avg kg)
Continent: South America
Habitat: Coastal and island areas.
Gestation: 39 days
- They have to groom their feathers often to keep them waterproof and in good condition.
- They are very agile swimmers, as they are hunted by many animals and this is their only method of escape.
- They have long claws to climb with.
- Unlike many birds, they have solid bones. These are used to keep them balanced in the water.
- Experiments suggest that they can recognise the smell of their relatives and familiar penguins.
Average Life Expectancy
Humboldt penguins are named after the Humboldt current (which is itself named after an explorer called Alexander Von Humboldt) which is a cold water current that travels from near Antarctica up past Chile and Peru in South America. This cold current cools down coastal Chile and Peru, and makes the air dryer. It is fantastic for penguins because fish love cool water!
Normally, the Humboldt current is cold and supports fish like sardines, anchovies and jack mackerel. Humboldt penguin hunt for small fish in the water. Sadly, the current is warmed up every 3-5 years because of a weather pattern called El Nino, which reduces the amount of fish in the water and makes fishing harder for penguins. Climate change exaggerates this effect.
Humboldt Population Decline (IUCN Estimates)
- Humboldt Population Average
- Humboldt Population Average
We are working in an area of North West Peru in the Illescas Reserve. It is home to many threatened birds, including Andean condors, several types of vulture, and the endangered Humboldt Penguin. Human activity in the area has resulted in habitat destruction and pollution, with many of the local birds also being threatened by poaching and overfishing. Without areas to nest in and food to eat, wild populations were dropping at alarming rates.
Our project, the APCPP (Association for the Protection of Condors and Penguins of Peru), protects the beaches from human disruption, and patrols the coastline to prevent illegal fishing. We also rescue and rehabilitate penguins to be released into the wild, and set up feeding stations to ensure the survival of these species. The APCPP is solely funded by Safari Zoo Nature Foundation.
Interactive Penguin Quiz
Didier Descouens – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16327354
Klaus Rassinger und Gerhard Cammerer, Museum Wiesbaden – Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37685646