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Maned Wolf

Fact File

Continent: South America
Habitat: Grasslands, scrub forest
Weight and Length: 23kg, 1.25m

Diet: Omnivore
Gestation: 65 days
Number of Young: 3 

Conservation Status: NT


  • Has tall legs to help it look over the grasslands it lives in.
  • Has a very unique smell used to scent mark
  • Is fairly independent though a pair will share a territory.
  • Its poo can be used as fertiliser by ants, and can spread plant seeds.
  • Uses its mane to look bigger and tougher.
  • Is not a type of wolf or fox, and has its own classification.

Maned Wolf

Chrysocyon brachyurus

Animals —  Mammals — Carnivores — Canidae (dogs & relatives)

Maned wolves are a long legged canid. They are related to wolves and foxes, but aren’t classified as either. They are easily recognised by their long legs which make them the tallest wild canid in the world. They have a golden to red coat, except on the legs and mane, which are black instead.

They are mostly solitary animals, though a mated pair share the same territory. In the breeding season they will spend most of their time with each other, but for the majority of the rest of the year they will be apart. Males have been seen helping in the care of the young, which they were not previously thought to do.

They are classified as “near threatened”, which means there is a high chance of them becoming threatened in the future. They are prone to getting the parasite the giant kidney worm, and are often killed on roads. Domestic dogs sometimes kill them. However, the biggest threat they face is the destruction of habitat, which is mostly caused by expansion of human agricultural land.

Habitat: Grasslands, savannah and scrub forest.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: 23kg
–Average length: 1.25m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: 13 years
In captivity up to: 15 years

Diet: They are omivores and so eat plants and meat. Half of their diet is made up of small prey like lizards, insects and mice, and the other half is plant materials like sugarcane and fruits.

Distribution: Found in the centre of South America: parts of Brazil, Paraguay, south-east Peru, northern Argentina, east Bolivia, and possibly northern Uruguay.