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Crested Guineafowl

Fact File

Continent: Africa
Habitat: Forest edge
Weight and Length: 1kg, 0.5m

Diet: Omnivore
Incubation: 23 days
Number of Young: 4

Conservation Status: LC


  • Easily distinguished by the tufts of feathers on their heads that make their crests.
  • Tend to live in groups of around 20 individuals.
  • Will forage beneath certain species of monkey, eating fruit and faeces dropped by them.
  • If a predator is spotted, one guineafowl will scream loudly and its group will fly into the trees to hide.

Crested Guineafowl

Guttera pucherani

Animals —  Aves (birds) — Galliformes (chicken relatives) — Numididae (guineafowl)

Crested guineafowls area distinctive bird, mostly black with white spots, a stout statue and characteristic tufts of black feathers on top of bald heads. They have pale beaks and legs and bright red irises.

They are known for being loud birds that vocalise at dusk and dawn. They are social, living in groups, and spend their time on the ground. They are also known to be monogamous and usually mate for life.

They are classified as “least concern” as they have a large population with a large range. They could be affected by habitat loss, however.

Habitat: They prefer the edges of forest.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: 1kg
–Average length: 0.5m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: 10 years
In captivity up to: 15 years

Diet: They are omnivores and so eat plants and meat. The majority of their diet is made of seeds, fruits and berries, but they will also eat insects.

Distribution: Found in patchy parts of central and southern Africa.