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Andean Bear

Fact File

Class: Mammal
Order: Carnivore
Family: Ursidae (Bears)
Found: South America
Size:    70-90 cm
Weight: 100-175 kg


Diet: Omnivore (Eats Plants & Meat)
Gestation: 5.5 – 8.5 months


Conservation Status: VU

Andean Bear

Tremarctos ornatus

Habitats: The spectacled bear has a reputation for being adaptable, as it is found in a wide variety of habitats and altitudes throughout its range, including cloud forests, high altitude grasslands, dry forest and scrub desert, at altitudes of 250 to the snowline.

Threats: Habitat destruction and fragmentation have been rife in bear habitat and are the major cause of its decline in numbers. They also are persecuted by local farmers who blame them for killing cattle and for destroying maize crops. Mining road development and oil exploration is bringing bears and humans together more often leading to increased human-bear conflict.

Social Behaviour: All bears they are solitary except when mother and cubs are together.

Food: They are excellent climbers, search for fruit and make roosting sites in trees.  The favourite foods of Spectacled Bears are fruits, leaves, bamboo hearts, insects and small rodents.  Meat is only around 4% of their diet.

Information: They normally sleep a lot through the day and are more active early and late.

Range: Found throughout the Andes mountain range in South America, from western Venezuela to the northwest of Argentina.

Conservation: The WPF funds the Chaparri Ecological Reserve in Peru to help conserve the Andean Spectacled Bear. To find out more you can go to http://www.wildlifeprotection.info/

How we are Protecting Wild Animals
The Andean or Spectacled Bear is the only bear in South America and the bears of Chaparri are part of the last remaining viable population of bears in dry forests. The Spectacled bear is globally threatened due to habitat loss and persecution.

Chaparri is community-owned private conservation area located in the dry forests of northern Peru, which includes a tourist centre and ecolodge. The reserve boosts fund and awareness for conservation, as well as generating employment for local people.

Our focus on this project is Chaparri’s bear rescue centre. The specially designed facility provides a caring home for bears that have been confiscated from illegal captivity, with the aim to reintroduce them back into their natural habitat. Bears that cannot be reintroduced are maintained in enclosures where the public can visit them and learn about the species. Safari Zoo has supported this project since 2002.

Safari Zoo Animals Protected by This Project

Other Wild Animals Protected by This Project