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Bactrian Camel

Fact File

Continent: Asia
Habitat: Arid regions such as desert
Weight and Height: 554kg, 2.05m
HERBIVORE
Diet: Eats plants
Gestation: 13 months
Number of Young: 1

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Characteristics

  • Its two humps are made of fat and fibrous tissue.
  • They have long eyelashes that are present to keep dust out of the eyes.
  • Have widely spread feet that allow walking over sand.
  • Can survive extreme variations of temperature, hot or cold.

Bactrian Camel

Camelus bactrianus

Animals — Mammals — Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulate) — Camelidae (camelids)


Bactrian camels are the only of the two camel species (Bactrian and Dromedary) that have a wild population. However this is estimated currently to be at 600 individuals or less. They are usually larger than Dromedary camels and have two humps.

They can withstand extreme changes in temperature, from sub zero temperatures to desert heat. They have the fairly rare ability to eat snow for moisture. Snow drops the body temperature too far to be useful to many animals, though these camels can only eat a little at a time.

They live in groups of up to 30, though 6-20 is more normal. They breed in the autumn, with females ovulating after mating takes place. Young can stand and run shortly after birth, but nurse until they are a year and a half old.

Habitat: Arid regions, usually savannah, grassland or desert, but also mountainous regions and stony plains.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: 554kg
–Average height: 2.05m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: estimated to be 40 years
In captivity up to: 35 years

Diet: Can eat prickly, dry, salty and/or bitter plants. If plants are unavailable they may eat bones, flesh, or even rope or tents.


Distribution: Mongolia and China.