Mammals form the class Mammalia of the subphylum Vertebrata of the phylum Chordata. There are four subclasses, two of which have only extinct members. Subclass Prototheria consists of only one living order, Monotremata, the only egg-laying mammals. All other orders of living mammals belong to subclass Theria. Many zoologists recognize 19 orders of Theria of which you’ll find the following here at South Lakes.
1. Artiodactyla, hoofed mammals with an even number of toes.
2. Carnivora, the flesh-eaters.
3. Chiroptera, flying mammals.
4. Marsupialia, mammals that carry their young in a pouch.
5. Perissodactyla, hoofed mammals with an odd number of toes.
6. Primates, mammals with the most highly developed brain.
7. Proboscidea, heavy-footed mammals with proboscises.
8. Rodentia, gnawing mammals. This is the largest order of mammals.
Visit the kids zone for some mammal learning & fun HERE
Warm-blooded vertebrate that is distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, females that secrete milk for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young.
Did you Know?
- The largest land mammal is the elephant followed by the rhino.
- The giraffe is the tallest of all living land animals, measuring up to 5.8 m
- The largest living land carnivore, on average, is the Kodiak Bear. Although polar bears may be bigger they are generally considered to be marine mammals.
- The red kangaroo is the largest living marsupial, and the largest member of the kangaroo family
- The White rhinocerous is the largest of the rhino species weighing up to 4,500 kg and up to 2m tall.
- The largest of the tapirs is the Malayan tapir, the only member of the family outside of South America.
- The largest living sloths are the Linnaeus and hoffmans two toed sloths which both can range up to 10 kg and 0.86 m long.
- The largest living rodent is the capybara. Full-grown capybaras can reach 1.5 m long and 0.9 m tall and weigh 105.4 kg.
- The giant otter, by length, is the largest of the mustelids. Measuring up to 2.4m in total.
- The largest living member of canidae is the gray wolf.