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Glossy Ibis

Fact File

Continent: North and South America, Australasia, Africa, Europe and Asia.
Habitat: Wetlands
Weight and Length: 0.6kg, 0.6m

Diet: Carnivore
Gestation: 21 days
Number of Young: 3 

Conservation Status: LC


  • Their feathers have a metallic shine.
  • Are nomadic with northern populations undergoing migration.
  • Flocks of 100 may migrate together.
  • They will roost in large flocks together at night and forage in smaller flocks.

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

Animals — Aves (birds) — Pelecaniformes (pelican relatives) — Threskiornithidae (ibises and spoonbills)

Glossy ibises are a striking ibis species because of their green reflective wings. In the light, these wing feathers appear to be multiple colours. The rest of their feathers are reddish-brown, or duller if they are juveniles/non-breeders. They also have pale beaks and legs.

They tend not to stay in one place after the breeding season, often moving locations. They are social and often travel in large flocks. They also roost in flocks, which are often mixed species. They forage in shallow water, hunting for whatever small creatures they can find.

They are classified as “least concern” as they have a large range, being the most widespread species of ibis, and a large population. They are, however, threatened by destruction of their wetland habitats.

Habitat: Wetlands, flooded areas, paddies, swamps, lagoons and sewage ponds.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: 0.6kg
–Average length: 0.6m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: unknown
In captivity up to: 25 years

Diet: They are carnivores and so eat meat. Their diet can include insects, mollusks, lizards, fish, and amphibians.

Distribution: Widespread, found in warm parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and part of the eastern Americas.