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Fact File

Class: Mammal
Order: Primate
Found:  Africa
Average head to body length: 68 cm
Tail Length: 49cm
Weight:  Males 21kg Females 11.6kg


Diet: Omnivore (Eats Plants & Meat)

Gestation: 170 – 173 days


Conservation Status: LC


Hamadryas Baboon

Papio Hamadryas

Habitats: Found in open woodland, savannahs, grassland and rocky hill country.

Threats: The hamadryas baboon is listed as ‘vermin’ by the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The Hamadryas has been exterminated in Egypt and reduced in numbers in other areas.  Locally the baboon is at risk from an increase in populated areas, overgrazing, development and deforestation which has lead to conflicts with people.

Social Behaviour: Males are related to each other and females move between groups. They sleep on rocky cliffs in aggregations that may number as many as 750. They travel and forage in troops of 50 to 100 individuals. In turn these troops are split into smaller harems composed of a single adult male with one to four females together with their offspring. The male keeps his harem together using strong disciplinary measures. There is one dominant harem with a male troop leader.

Range: Found in Africa (Ethiopia and Somalia), Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

Food: Baboons are omnivorous and eat practically anything edible. Their diet is dictated by the availability of food but on the whole is mainly vegetarian supplemented with insects, haresand other small animals

Information: Baboons breed throughout the year, but the peak seasons are May-June and November-December. The gestation period is 170-173 days; one young is usual, rarely two.

Conservation: Through our conservation charities The Sumatran Tiger Trust and The Wildlife Protection Foundation we are working to save species and habitats all over the world.  To find out more check out www.wildlifeprotection.info or www.tigertrust.info