The spectacled bear has a reputation for being adaptable, as it is found in a wide variety of habitats and altitudes throughout its range, including cloud forests, high altitude grasslands, dry forest and scrub desert, at altitudes of 250 to the snowline.

They are excellent climbers, search for fruit and make roosting sites in trees.  The favourite foods of Spectacled Bears are fruits, leaves, bamboo hearts, insects and small rodents.  Meat is only around 4% of their diet.