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Peralta giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta)
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Association to Safeguard Giraffes of Niger
Protecting giraffes!
The APCPP is based in Niger, Africa.
There are 9 types of giraffes in the world. We protect the most endangered, the peralta giraffe. The other subspecies are:
  • West African Giraffe (endangered)
  • Rothschild’s Giraffe (endangered)
  • Reticulated Giraffe (vulnerable)
  • Nubian Giraffe (endangered)
  • Angolan Giraffe (least concern)
  • Masai Giraffe (not evaluated)
  • South African Giraffe (least concern)
  • Rhodesian or Thornicrofts Giraffe (not evaluated)
The map below shows the range of all giraffe subspecies:
rothschilds-giraffe-map
(by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, species assessors and the authors of the spatial data. [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Resources

Check out our resources below!

Problems for Peraltas

In 2000, this NGO was established by local people who realised the giraffe was close to extinction in West Africa.

The Peralta giraffes of Niger are the last giraffes in West Africa. Initial population surveys showed that there were only 61 giraffes in this are when only 100 years ago their numbers would be in the thousands! This huge decline is largely due to poaching. Native people see the giraffes as competitors, who will eat their food sources, so they retaliate by killing any giraffes spotted nearby. 100,000 people are thought to live within the ‘giraffe zone’, making it one of the most populated areas in Niger. There is very little rainfall in this area, and the ground is mostly sand and dust. In such a hot, dry climate, crops are difficult to produce, and natural trees and grasses are sparse, with only 3% of the land being suitable for growing crops. This led to widespread famine and poverty, with whole families living on an average of 65 pence per day, which increased the conflict between humans and giraffes.

True/False

Working with People

Initially the aim of the project took an exclusion approach, by creating private reserves to protect the giraffes, by keeping humans out. However we wanted to reduce the conflict by including and helping the local people, and in doing so, change their attitudes towards conservation. This ‘community approach’ allows the giraffes and humans to live peacefully side by side.

RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
By speaking to local communities, we found that their biggest priority was water. The project had made a huge difference to the area by building numerous freshwater wells for those who have promised to help us protect giraffes.

The second need in the area was food, as the people here rarely come across meat, other than eating insects, and they struggle to grow  rops. We have helped them farm millet seeds, which can be crushed into a powder, making it an easily digestible, stable diet. Plus, the wells we provide are designed to guide spillages (that would otherwise be wasted), towards nearby gardens to help in the production of fruit and vegetables.

BOOSTING LOCAL ECONOMY
We manage a “micro-credit” scheme, through which local villagers are able to borrow money to borrow money to buy seeds or cattle, which will help to feed their families and produce a surplus supply which they can sell to earn an income. Other loans have helped set up businesses in goat breeding, crafts, and to buy milling machines to grind down the millet seed. Our efforts have aided more than 500 families from 65 villages.

PLANTING TREES
In running the micro-credit scheme, we also award participants with cereals in exchange for planting trees. Financial reward is given to those involved for the successful growth of each plant. A percentage of this bonus is then used to buy new plants. So far, more than 50 hectares of land has been ‘reforested’, all of which can be used as food for the giraffes, as well as providing harvestable fruits and
beans for local people.

Giraffe Pairs Game

Education and Healthcare

We provide education to the villages we work with, by running environmental-themed workshops in schools, and running ‘CAGE’ youth clubs (Club of the Friends of Giraffes and their Environment), providing them with resources such as school equipment and sports kits. We also provide communities with better medical care, by having GP’s, nurses, midwives and dentists visit for regular consultations, and by delivering bundles of spectacles, which have been donated by the general public.

With all these provisions comes one clear message from us; ‘a gift from the giraffes’. By changing local attitudes towards giraffes, we can conserve the animals and their environment. We now have 30,000 civilians, across Niger, working with us, dedicated to the protection of giraffes! Unfortunately it is difficult to offer an ecotourism scheme in this area, due to the political uncertainty in Niger, which makes it a potentially dangerous place for a Westerner to visit.

Research

Our teams use network surveillance to monitor the populations and home ranges of the giraffes. Our yearly census has shown an annual increase of about 13%, from 135 in 2005 to 410 in 2014. Our current estimates are around 450 giraffes now living in this area! Unfortunately, this successful increase has led to the problem of further migration of populations. It is hard to protect giraffes if we do not know where they go, how far they travel, or which habitats they use. To find answers to these questions the project has set up a network of villagers who inform the association as soon as they observe a giraffe group. Many people are happy to work with us in this way, as the local people are so grateful for the vast improvements the project has made to their welfare. We now estimate that the biggest killer of giraffes is in fact accidental road kill, which affects about 3 giraffes per year!
Nilesh Patel giraffe - Copy

Mini Quiz

Safari Zoo's Giraffes

Giraffa camelopardalis


Animals, mammals, Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates), Giraffidae (giraffes and okapis)


Our West African Giraffes are, as their name suggests, from west Africa.

Habitat: Savannah, scrubs, open acacia woodlands and grasslands.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: 800kg
–Average height: males 5.3m, females 4.3m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: 15 years
In captivity up to: 25 years

Diet: Leaves, flowers, seed pods and fruits.

Gestation: 430 days

Number of Young: 1

Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi


Animals, mammals, Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates), Giraffidae (giraffes and okapis)


Rothschild’s Giraffes are taller than many other Giraffe subspecies. They are the only species to be born with 5 ossicones (the bony protuberances on their heads).

Habitat: Savannah, scrubs, open acacia woodlands and grasslands.

Vital Statistics:
–Average weight: male 1192kg, female 1825kg
–Average height: 6m

Life Expectancy:
In the wild up to: 25 years
In captivity up to: 28 years

Diet: Leaves, twigs, seed pods, and fruit.

Gestation: 14-16 months

Number of Young: 1