Arctic wolves are often called the ‘polar wolf’ or ‘white wolf’ and have white fur year-round enabling them to blend into their snowy surroundings. They inhabit some of the most inhospitable terrain in the world where the air temperatures rarely rise above – 30 degrees C and the ground is permanently frozen. They are one of the few species of mammal who can tolerate these harsh conditions.
Arctic wolves are usually smaller than gray wolves and also have smaller ears, slightly shorter muzzles and shorted legs to reduce heat loss through exposure to the bitterly cold air. They live in packs of 7 – 10 individuals and use body language, vocalisation and scent marking to communicate with one another.